Wang Haoquan: It is not a scientist who changed the world. It is a scientific business family 丨 scientist entrepreneurship series 06

Monkeys have been difficult to evolve, and people become entrepreneurs. Scientists become uncomfortable.

2012 "Entrepreneur Magazine" has made a special planning, discussing "When scientists become entrepreneurs." This role will encounter a wide variety of problems. For example, when scientists / entrepreneurs encounter the system, encounter the market and encounter capital. We even summed up the "seven sins" of scientists. The reporter of "Entrepreneur Magazine" found that many scientists are "pseudo-entrepreneurship", many entrepreneurs "personality division", but in front of entrepreneurship, equal equality, scientists especially self-revolution.

In 2017, "Dr. Shui Dynasty" is sprinkled and wrote an 87,000 word "technology stagnation." Only for discussion: human science and technology levels come to the bottleneck, will face the stagnation of technology development in the future. He smashed the technology explosion and exploded by fireworks: the moment of fireworks explosion was beautiful and beautiful, but when people saw it, the explosion was close to the end.

I didn’t pay attention to Wang Yuquan to see his views on technology stagnation. But from interviews you can feel that he is a technology musician. Shortly after the interview, Wang Hao has conducted a lecture called "Technical and Cultural Symbolic Evolution".

This article is the sixth article, and the trend is related to the number of scientists. In response to technological innovation, technology companies, Wang Yizhen shared his observation and thinking from the two perspectives of supply.

From the perspective of demand, Wang Yizhen believes that the technology revolution roll forward. Behind every scientific revolution, breakthrough new technologies will lead the whole society to form a new growth paradigm and production paradigm. The steam technology revolution, the core of the power technology revolution is the problem of product scale. The third scientific and technological revolution is solved by the problem of service scale. At present, the global industry is in the early stage of service scale.

From the perspective of supply, technology has become more complicated. The realization of science and technology innovation is inseparable from the prosperity of industrial ecology. Industrial prosperity is the core industrial links have corresponding leading companies. Collaboration between them constitutes a prosperous industry. This or one of my country encourages the new reasons for developing specialty. "I have to buy" to realize a domestic substitute for a part, and it is difficult to establish a sound industrial ecology.

After talking about "service size", he even mentioned "creative scale". "Creative scale" can be achieved after "service size". In the context of Wang Yuquan, "service scale" corresponds to the information revolution. "Creative scale" belongs to "Creating Revolution", and mankind or will be able to get rid of evolution.

"Technology is changing the world of the times, everyone must bend into the office." Wang Yuquan said.

01 side of the coin: service scale

Before "serving sizes" is the "scale commercialization." "Scale product" is the trend of the two industrial revolutions appeared before the PC.

"Scale commercialization," can be traced back spinning jenny, rather than the Watt steam engine. Combined with the spinning jenny and water, rather than steam, allowing large-scale production of textiles is possible. Europe was the hydraulic power plant industrialized areas commonly used.

The story is this steam engine. Lift the steam engine, Watt had to bring. Watt improved the lives of more than 20 steam engine. In fact, Watts Industrial Revolution is not the most typical figure. Because of that era in the life of Watt, the steam engine has not been large-scale applications. Watt and before, there are a few people’s names should be remembered: Galileo’s student Torricelli, Boyle scientist, scientists Papin, the British army engineer Savery, Newcomen hardware merchant and Corey. Torricelli, Boyle pressure were found (1643), over the pressure of the gas is inversely proportional to the volume (Boyle 1662). Papin who served as Boyle’s assistant, he used the liquid boiling point with elevated pressure and elevated principle, in 1679 invented the world’s first pressure cooker, and published works of the steam engine in 1690.

Savery put pressure pumping principle with mine together, and learn the principles of Papin’s invention of the steam engine called "Friends of the miners of" pump. Hardware businessman Newcomen and Savery Corey is the fellow who helped make steam Savery pump model. They create the world’s first all-weather continuous operation, running costs are relatively low steam drainage machine – Newcomen engine, and patented in 1712.

1763 winter, the University of Glasgow purchased a Newcomen steam engine model for physics practice. Experimenter James Watt is responsible for maintaining it. The story behind it is written in the history books. Watt developed a prototype in 1768, patented the following year. After Watt improved the steam engine, brought a series of technological revolution, to promote the production of manual labor leap to power the machine.

The core of the industrial revolution in automation. Automated production of huge significance. During the interview, Wang Yuquan special emphasis on the fact that an easily overlooked:Those who built the first mill in the UK to become the richest person in Britain."Before the richest man in all kings, generals, are playing down. But the richest man is earned out. This is the first time the world has changed the rules of the game and you can become the richest man by money." "If you can not murder and arson will be able to make a profit two percent or three hundred, why do you want to murder and arson? "Wang Yuquan said.

After the discovery of this new way to get rich, we embarked on the entrepreneurial path. This road and the road is not a zero sum game. Entrepreneurs lead the way is not looting, but as much as possible large-scale production, will provide products to as many people to use.Since the industrial revolution, in fact, another identity is the world’s richest technology entrepreneurs.John D. Rockefeller bought out of oil refining technology, by investing in the construction of large-scale technology into practice. Now the world’s richest elon Musk (Elon Musk) also technology entrepreneurs. Elon Musk has optimized thinking typical of engineers. Musk has said: There is no rocket scientist, rocket engineer only. Because scientists made no rocket, engineers can build rockets. Wang Yuquan was approved this sentence. He also believes that promoting social progress are engineers, entrepreneurs, rather than scientists. "Section and technology are two different things children, Chinese scientists over-emphasized, because the technology is put together,‘Branch’ light stick ‘technology’, the real push society is ‘technology’.Because there are a lot of ‘technology’ is no ‘families’, but no ‘families’, technology is possible progress, but there is no ‘technical’, ‘branch’ on what did not. "

Large-scale automated production make the product possible. Although the product can scale to achieve the scale of production, but there is no way to meet individual needs. Before PC, then technology entrepreneurs is how to solve?The service to the product solidify in.Such as how to meet the needs of users iced watermelon? Sold to users is achieved by a refrigerator. The user’s own holding melon in the refrigerator, you can get iced watermelon. That user through the products and services it provides to its own. After the PC, the digital revolution began, and then after the Internet, mobile Internet era to today’s AI. Wang Yuquan judgment, has now entered the digital revolution to the end. Marked by artificial intelligence so that "the scale of service" as possible.

Specifically, the "service scale" on the premise that meet the individual needs of users, large-scale production of artificial intelligence can be replicated personalized service. "Service scale" What are the characteristics? Still iced watermelon, for example, users no longer want to refrigerators (product) but iced watermelon (service). The user is not concerned with the product (refrigerator) but to serve (iced watermelon). The needs of users (iced watermelon) are directly met. If the "service scale" to see Microsoft, Apple, you can see they are not the same. Microsoft to embrace subscription system, the original can be a one-time buyout of Office productivity software products become Office 365. Office 365 is equivalent to one kind of subscription service, or need to pay a monthly subscription fee per year. Apple is also true. Apple has a large number of mobile phone subscriptions APP is made. In early November this year, well-known application notes Notability sudden change from a subscription-based buyout system, and being on the hot search. In addition, Apple phone AppleCare + (US version), music, news, videos, etc. are subscription-based. The future, mobile phones will be priced less than the total value of the various services the user subscribed.

The service scale, the subscription system is being promoted, and the trend is visible. In the future, even the car can also use a subscription system. Essentially, users buy cars and buy transportation. One-time bought-in delivery cannot be personalized. From the perspective of the service, this approach has a shortcoming. If there are 3 vehicles in 10,000 vehicles, it is bad, it happens to be bought by Zhang San. So, what is the consequence of the car? This is unfair. After changing into the subscription, Zhang San pays for money, encounters the bad car, and the car enterprise can be replaced in time. In this case, Zhang San’s car will never be broken. Under the subscription, the vehicle enterprise needs to provide long-term services to our customers, while IOT equipment such as sensors will continue to monitor the vehicle to ensure uninterrupted providing of quality services.

"The rules of the whole time have changed." Wang Wei commented on the transformation from the size of the product to the scale of service. In the interview, he passed"The synergy of science and technology and culture makes people today"To further interpret the logic behind this shift. he thinks,Society is choosing technology, technology is also choosing society.What technologies need for society, it will make it vital. Conversely, technology is also choosing people. Because the society is not supported, it will not develop. For example, the Industrial Revolution makes the Britain strong, so that it exceeds China that is still in feudal society. The power of the United Kingdom is the result of the two-way selection. This is the same as rice and human society. This two-way selection is now continuing and continues in acceleration. The requirements and techniques of service scale and techniques are mutually selection, mutual promotion, and the era of human society into service scale.

Now, the service is in the early stage. But not all industries are suitable for service size. In the interview, Wang Yuquan talked about two industries. The catering industry currently has a service-scale seedlings. The training industry is difficult to achieve.

Catering, especially high-end catering, is difficult to make universal, and the Ford is so big. What is the reason? Unmatched. The higher the higher, the more difficult it is. Because the chef is top, the top is not significant. The original millet ecological chain vice president Tang Mu created a company called a smart. Such as shadow intelligence has created a kitchen robot. It is a fried steak’s arms robot. Wang Yuquan said that the service is to pass is an experience. The core of service is the copy of excellent experience. There is a classic misunderstanding for service size, "personalization is equal to good service", actually personalization is not equal to good service.

The robot is fried, and the product is solidified to the service to solve the scale, but the new problem comes, and how to let the dish for chain catering brands. Three years without changing dishes means that customers lose their freshness, but the cost of replacing menus is high. The dish will change the menu, change the chef, etc. But a chain restaurant using the cooking robot can be implemented by updating the software. While the ingredient is completed, the new dishes are instantaneously completed in all its restaurants. This means that the catering industry has the possibility of giant and Macon.

"The production logic of the gigabaters has changed. Previously, the logic of the giant Macro business was in a sufficiently large field; now, the logic of the giant Macro business is a big enough The field can provide a good high-end service. "Wang Yuquan said.

(Such as the smart kitchen robot)

The training industry is not suitable. IT and consulting combinations are not easy, because IT companies and consulting companies are different: consulting companies need a lot of manpower, customize different projects for different enterprises, unable to achieve rapid expansion; and IT companies or said a software company has Scale benefits and marginal benefits have the potential for rapid expansion.

Wang Yuquan team shared the most mysterious big data company of Silicon Valley. Even now, there are two main products in Palantir: Gotham (a large number of customized) facing business customers, and Foundry for business customers (more standardized, modular). At present, Palantir is still exploring the path of scale growth, stepping on the stairs between customization and scale. Wang Yuquan believes that artificial intelligence undoubtedly broaden the area of ??service scale and application range, but not all industries have a chance, if there is no chance in one field, you need to avoid it.

For individual companies, US groups calculate half of service-scale companies. Wang Yuquan believes that the current US group has achieved a certain degree of scale, but the weakness is delivering goods. Unmanned distribution is the direction of the current US group being explored. According to incomplete statistics, as of June this year, the US group drone has completed more than 220,000 flight tests, and the long-term length of 600,000 minutes, and the relevant orders for real users have completed 2500 orders. Wang Xing’s public speech in 2018 mentioned: In 2019, it will fully operate unmanned distribution.

2020 US group investment indoor distribution robot enterprise Purdue Technology. In addition to the partners of Purdu Technology, US Mission unmanned distribution platforms, there are autox, SEG Wei, Experimental technology, etc. The figure below shows the list of partners disclosed by the US group unmanned distribution platform.

(US group unmanned distribution platform disclosure partner)

In response to the exploration of unmanned distribution of the US group, Wang Haoquan believes that people have their own use in the age of service. Technical alternatives have two alternatives: one is an occupational alternative, an alternative to machinery, is also the most common practice. The other is occupational enhancement. Simple point, professional enhancement is that 1 person plus 5 machines can do 5 people. For example, Tesla electric truck. Tesla’s logic is not alternative, but the truck can be high-efficient and a driver can open three cars. Under the human machine, the complicated road conditions of automatic driving cannot be handled by people.

Drip is a "hard brother" of the US group."The tactics have become, the strategy is defeated"It is a review of Wang Yizhen to the drip. The new T3 travel made Wang Yizhen very emotion: "When did you see a industry, a rivers and lakes, and some people challenge you." This is becauseWhen automatic driving + electric vehicles come out, the travel industry has emerged.Only in the context of continuous curve, there is an endless newcomer challenge because the next corner has a chance to overtake. In the age of service, the burden of the drip lies in the ownership of the car belongs to the individual owner. Diards don’t have the right when accurate statistics and precise dispatch vehicles. But change has occurred. Last month, the US car rental company Hertz has decided to initially order 100,000 Tesla electric cars.

(Cloud Story Technology Hotel service robot "Xiaituz")

Yunu Technology is "excellent students" of Wang Yizheng recognized by Wang Yizheng. It is also an investment project of sea silver capital. In Wang Yuxi’s mouth, "Xiaolitz" is a cute word. In the hotel, especially late night delivery, "words" it is ignorant, not quietly, which can make guests feel safe. The robot of cloud lavage technology can independently complete the delivery of the delivery from the directive to complete the delivery. It can alleviate the "separation" of the front desk service personnel to a certain extent.

As a investor of cloud lavage technology, Wang Yuxi has enhanced valuation to the cloud of the cloud, and the venture capital negotiations: First, you admit that it does not admit that the future is a service robot? There is always a service robot to go to the community and the residents. Second, in addition to the cloud robot, you can’t find the second productive robot. The founder of Yunu Technology has joked: She is the largest labor outside the head. Because more than 10,000 machines are outsourced into the hotel.

However, Wang Yuquan, but I think she is the most "black heart" capitalist. "There is no salary to the robot. I am all taken."

The other side of 02 coins:Future layout technology industry ecology

The other side of the coin is the scientific industry ecology, on the side of the supply, echoes the changes in the demand side mentioned earlier. One of the changes is that the service scale makes some artificial opportunities for corner overtaking.

The chip industry has this opportunity. In 2018, the Science and Technology Daily has launched the "core technology that needs to be overcome". This column has been published in 35 reports. The first report reported behind the lagging status of the top lightning machine required for high-end chip manufacturing. my country is dispatched at the integrated circuit supply and demand gap. A large number of chips rely on imports. According to the statistics of the General Administration of Customs, in 2020, my country’s integrated circuit imports were 35.5 million US dollars, and exports were $ 116.6 billion. Its difference increased by $ 29.55 billion than $ 203.9 billion in 2019. If the exchange rate of $ 6.3787 yuan is converted to $ 188.43 billion, it is more than 2020 GDP 127.66 billion yuan than Tongliao.

China Chip businesses are in medium and low-end sectors, logic, storage and other high-end chips depend on imports in the global integrated circuit industry. High-end chip manufacturing mainly relying on the manufacturing equipment of the photolithography, the current cutting-edge momentary technology is monopolized by the Netherlands ASML.

The reason why the radiator in the chip field is over-vehicle, because with the rise of the new generation of artificial intelligence, the chip industry has a continuous curve. Just as mentioned in the example of the drip, only the chance of overtaking in a continuous curve. At present, the pattern of general computing chips represented by the CPU has been set, and China is more difficult to make a difference under the established pattern, but there is a chance to make breakthroughs in the special calculation chip field. A group of AI chip companies represented by Cambrian were currently rising. In fact, the opportunity of corner overtaking also appears in the fields of electric vehicles, power batteries. The photovoltaic industry is also a comprehensive leading industry through industrial ecological layout.

"From the perspective of development, when there is a major new technological change in the subverting industry, there is a chance to break the original technical monopoly, and there is also a chance to restruct an industrial ecology. This is precisely the later people with excellent anti-super chance."

(Professor Chen Yunyu, Professor Chen Yun, first released AI chip architecture in the world.

Wang Yuquan mentioned that the two years of China and the United States have also let the industry recognize the core of scientific and technological innovation is the core of the big country, the pursuit of a single indicator is leading, but the industry is not just a single business, but the entire industrial ecology. The strength comparison. As mentioned earlier is the only company in the world that produces high-end lightning machines, and is also a company that can support the company’s US semiconductor industry ecology based on SEMATECH (US Semiconductor Manufacturing Technology Strategic Alliance). SEMATECH is a non-profitred R & D institution in 1987 that the US government has established a non-profit of the 14 largest electronic enterprises in native. These companies are taking into a collaboration together with the best research and development power, and joint attack on the core subjects in the electronics industry. $ 200 million in research funds per year, in which the US government and these 14 companies have taken half. The establishment of Sematech has promoted the industry’s internal mutual research and development and achievement sharing, and gradually established a complete industrial ecology, and the Japanese semiconductor industry has solved the "card neck" problem.

Then, how to build a scientific and technological industry ecology in the future of service scale

There are two main body of the industrial ecology, one is the enterprise, and the other is the government.

At the logic level of the enterprise, enterprises should abandon the traditional practice: each battle, trying to create a complete industrial chain inside the company, and fight the competitors and occupy the market share as much as possible. Wang Haoquan believes that industrial ecology is collaborative, it is common prosperity. If a tree covers the sun, it will be trimmed. Now, whether it is a big company or a "special new" company, we should consider what value can provide for the industrial ecology, what contributions can be made for society, but also guarantees good users’ privacy and interests.

At the government level, Wang Haoquan believes that the government should do, it is to cultivate a tropical rainforest, rather than transplanting a big tree.

So how should the Government create an industrial ecology?

The first is to find local features, to create industrial ecology (Qingdao longevity & Technology) has its own advantages.

In 2020, Wang Yuquan team and Qingdao cooperation from the image of the local infirmary of the Holy Land, around the rich Wellness infrastructure, a pleasant climate advantage, for "longevity" and "healthy" demand, to design a "longevity technology" eco-industrial development direction . By combing the key aspects of industrial clusters and industrial collaboration, the team found Wang Yuquan time-consuming and inconvenient problem of traditional health screening, judged by that this is a short board "longevity" industry. On the other hand large medical data companies lack a lot of data can be trained, so they introduce artificial intelligence medical companies Airdoc to Qingdao, get through the demand across the industry. At present, the first batch of 150,000 people of Qingdao have been quicker to enjoy health screening services. This is the docking requirements, new ways to complement each other, and a change in the past to use the money to "buy" investment approach business.

(Qingdao, images from the network)

From the Qingdao example, Wang Yuquan summarizes the key points of the layout of industrial ecology two places in the city: the first, for the future; second, not greedy.

Facing the future, it comes in front of "continuous curve", "turn to overtake," industrial cities should be future-oriented industrial layout. Wang Yuquan think cultivate ecology, should start from scratch, start from early intervention and find their own ecological position, do not think picking the fruit, not in order after ecological and other mature, cut directly into the ecology taking over someone else’s. This road has been demonstrated in the chip industry is not going to work.

"It is a technology any ecological product. Any of the N links have an ecological composition, this corresponds plate consisting of N ‘barrel’ Eco early, the plates are short, only the width of the other. With ecological maturity, these plates grow up together. complete means that a number of enterprises from ecological shortcomings become long board. "he reminded not to ignore the ecology of narrow boards, such as the chip industry this board though narrow lithography machine but it will be deprived of the chip’s "bucket" on the leak. "In the past we always stare at other people the widest plate (Qualcomm), invisible narrow board (lithography). The problem is that even if you put the widest board clutched in his hand, still did not control this ecosystem, because the narrow strip in the hands of people. people are not high-pass, but kill you with ASML. "

Greedy, Wang Yuquan mouth is in place plans for industrial common mistake. For example, after the AI ??fire, many cities have rushed to engage in AI. "We believe that artificial intelligence will not form a sufficiently large industry ecosystem in China more than five. If the domestic front row less than 5, do not play. The top five is a high probability the north of Guangzhou-Shenzhen Hang." Wang Yuquan said suitable What, and local resource endowments and capabilities closely related genes.

Second, setting up enterprise communication platform (Chongqing & electronics industry).

In 2008, the electronics industry in the Midwest is still a blank. From the perspective of industrial Chongqing foster integration starting around parts, raw materials localization, to build a collaborative platform between enterprises. Chongqing and HP docking first production needs, and with Foxconn confinements, final orders to Foxconn for HP’s 20 million units per year, the promotion of their joint investment to build production lines in August 2009. Then seven computer manufacturers and more than 1,000 settled in the surrounding parts factory support, forming a collection of machine parts production and integration, processing, research and development and settlement of the whole industry chain integration. Through research and discussion, Chongqing learned from the enterprise logistics and transport constraints on industrial development, the railway $ 100 per container / km price negotiations fell through the year 2015 to $ 0.5 / km and meet a few local million units of products to North America, Asia and Europe distribution needs.

Wang Yuquan said, Chongqing Municipality on local entrepreneurs to build communication platform efforts, regularly organized industry chain entrepreneur forum, docking and other industrial cooperation activities downstream, the use of these communication platform in time to help each depth docking enterprise needs, understand each other technical strength, shapeAs "the ability to circle" based on the local industry chain,When you need to quickly understand the willingness to cooperate with each other to achieve cooperation.

Third, improve the supporting collaborative system (Suzhou & Biomedical).

(Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, images from the network)

"Biopharmaceutical war has been more than half, Suzhou has win the game." Wang Yuquan said.

In fact, Suzhou foundation in the biopharmaceutical field is not thick. Turning point occurred in 2009. Suzhou Industrial Park in cooperation with famous American Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, local spending $ 1 million a year by the establishment of the International Conference on Cold Spring Harbor Asia platform, has in Suzhou and the surrounding hosted 130 international top level conference sessions, attracting the world from 60 20,000 passengers a number of countries participating scientists, including 22 Nobel Prize winners.

Office will greatly promote the rapid gather high-level personnel and attract new NUS Su Research Institute, Institute for Advanced Study at Oxford University (Suzhou) and other 18 international innovation cooperation platform floor, there are 12,000 foreign-related personnel to engage in Suzhou research and other related work. This not only allows Suzhou Asia-Pacific region has become the largest bio-pharmaceutical industry information distribution center, also required to meet the needs of biopharmaceutical companies and a large number of high-level personnel to quickly docking latest R & D results, local and therefore the emergence of a more than 1,600 biomedical companies. Ecological bio-pharmaceutical industry continues to prosper.

"What the industry needs to build pondering? Be wondering how this ecosystem can flourish. Rockery bonsai ecology is not dead, but a living rainforest, you need to think about how to make the metabolism, how to make the exchange of information, exchange of energy. These things are important. "(This article appeared in" John Doe "as a pseudonym)

Reference:

[1] Wang Yuquan. Eco-technology innovation to build for the future

[2] 2020 Shu 18th century "black technology": the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection of the steam engine Birth Control Yuan national website [2020-11].

[3] Wang Yuquan: build industrial ecology, we need to cultivate a forest rather than a tree transplanting global outlet [2021-8].

[4] Silicon Valley’s most mysterious Palantir, in the end is a consulting firm or IT company Global outlet. [2021-8]

Afghanistan Taliban highlights today: US war in Afghanistan a ‘strategic failure’, says top American general

Afghanistan Taliban Crisis LIVE Updates: Chairman of US Joint Chief of Staff General Mark Milley called the US’ war in Afghanistan “a strategic failure” in front of the members of the Senate Armed Services Committee on Tuesday. “The enemy is in charge in Kabul, there’s no way else to describe that,” he said.

Along with Milley, US Defence Secretary Lloyd Austin and Gen Frank McKenzie, Commander of US Central Command, told the Committee that the Pentagon had recommended US President Biden about the need to keep 2,500 American troops in Afghanistan post withdrawal, to which he disagreed. However, the White House defended the decision, acknowledging that it was a split recommendation from Biden’s advisors and generals.

In other news, the Afghanistan Civil Aviation Authority under the new Taliban regime has written to India’s Directorate General of Civil Aviation seeking resumption of flights operated by its airlines Kam Air and Ariana Afghan Airline to and from Delhi. DGCA chief said that the Ministry of Civil Aviation will take a call on the matter as this was a policy issue.